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Define the national health programme conduct by government of India to control and eradicate different diseases?

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(a) National Malaria eradication programme:

This programme was started in India as National Malaria Control Programme (NMCP) in 1953. In 1958 it was renamed as National Malaria Eradication Programme. The aim of this programme is to eradicate the diseases with community cooperation. In this program workers of Primary Health Centre and department of Malaria collects blood sample of the person suffering from fever and test them, if patient reported malaria positive then drug are distributed through health workers and members of Panchayat Samiti. Insecticides are also sprayed to control malaria.

(b) National leprosy eradication programme:

This programme was started in 1955. The aim of this program is to identify the patient in early stage and treat them with multidrug therapy and rehabilitation for them. For this purpose leprosy control Centre established.

(c) National Tuberculosis Eradication programmes:

This programme was started in 1962. Under this scheme diseases eradication programme is run under the leadership of leader ship of district tuberculosis – disease in charge. In this program patient examined, identified, treated and educated.

(d) Pulse polio vaccination campaign:

To eradicate polio this programme was stated on 9th December 1995. The aim of this programme is to replace natural poliovirus VIT vaccinated virus so that the diseases can be eradicated.

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