The development of democratic ideals that helps in shaping the modern cities in decisive way as
(i) The rise of industrial capitalism attracted large number of workers to cities.
(ii) The colonial rule over large parts of the world also helped in the development of cites, for example. Indian dries of Calcutta and Bombay developed because of Britishers.
(iii) Development of democratic ideals also played important role in bidding new towns and cities because these cities were needed for administrative purposes.