Fewpal
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From a well-shuffled pack of cards, a card is drawn at random. Find the probability of its being either a queen or a heart.

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In a pack of 52 cards, there are 4 queen cards and 13 heart cards.

Let A denote the event that the card drawn is queen and B denote the event that card drawn is heart.

Then,

P(A) = 4/52 and P(B) = 13/52

As there is one card which is both queen and heart (queen of hearts), so P(A and B)= 1/52

Using formula, P(A or B) = P(A) + P(B) – P(A and B)

P(A or B) = 4/52 + 13/52 – 1/52

= 16/52

= 4/13

Probability of a card drawn is either a queen or heart = P(A or B) = 4/13

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