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Discuss Panchayati Raj and its three tiers.

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Panchayati Raj system came into being as per 73rd amendment in 1992. It refers to a decentralized form of governance where, the villages would be responsible for their own affairs. This vision was known as ‘Gram Swaraj’ or ‘village self governance’. 

The 3- tier system of Panchayati Raj consists of: 

• Village-level Panchayats. 

• Block-level Panchayats. 

• District-level Panchayats.

Powers and responsibilities delegated to the panchayats at different levels are as follows : 

• Preparation of the economic development plan and social justice plan. 

• Implementation of schemes for economic development and social justice. 

• To levy and collect appropriate taxes, duties, tolls and fees.

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