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Explain the five food groups and their nutritional contribution.

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Food groups: Food group is a collection of varieties of foods which share similar nutritional properties. In the food grouping, food items are generally classified on the basis of their nutrients. 

The five major food groups and their nutritional contributions are:

Food Groups Main Nutrients
1. Cereal, Grains and products : Rice, Wheat, bajra, maize, jowar, wheat flour etc.Energy, protien, fat, vitamin B1, viamin B2 Folic acid,  iron, fiber etc.
2. Pulses and legumes : Bengal  gram, blackgram Green gram, lentil, cowpea, peas, rajma, soyabens etcEnergy, protein, fat, vitamin B1, vitamin B2, folic acid, iron, fibre, calcium etc.
3. Milk and Meat Products : Milk, curd, skimmed  milk, cheese.Protein, fat, vitamin B2, calcium, vitamin A.
Protien, fat, vitamin B2, vitamin A, vitamin B12
4. Fat and sugars
   Fats :
Butter,  Ghee, hydrogenated oils, cooking oils, like groundnut, mustard coconut oil.
Energy, fat,
sugars : sugar jaggeryEnergy
5. Fruits and vegetables :
Fruits :
Mango, guava, tomato ripe, papaya, orange, sweet lime, watermelon.
Carotenoids, vitamin C, fibre, carbohydrates etc.
Vegetables : (Green leafy)
Amaranth, spinach, gogu, drumstick leaves, coriander leaves, mustard leaves, Fenugreek leaves.
Fats, carotenoids, vitamin B, folic acid, calcium, iron, fibre.

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