India and China are two big countries of Asia and two most popular countries in the world. Both the countries have expensive cultural contact since first century AD especially with the transmits of Buddhism from India to China. The announcement of the freedom of these two countries was almost in the same time period in 1947 for India and 1949 for China. India was one of the first countries to recognize the Communist Government of China. The slogan of ‘Hindi-Chini bhai-bhai’ was popular.
But 1950 onwards both the nations were involved in the differences on the issues of Tibet problem, border issues in Arunachal Pradesh and Aksai Chin area of Ladakh, Chinese attack in 1962 and Chinese contribution to Pakistan’s nuclear programme. Relations between India and China began to improve slowly from the mid-1970, by a series of talks to resolve border issues in 1981.
Rajiv Gandhi’s visit to China in 1980, Atal Bihari Vajpayee’s visit in 2003 have accommodated both the countries to maintain peace and tranquility on the border. Trade between India and China, which enjoys dominance in the global economy, has also stalled falling to $65 billion.
Now, relations of both the countries have strategic and economic dimensions.
• They are making efforts to revive harmonious attitude between themselves.
• They are moving hand-in-hand to fight against terrorism, nuclear race and economic disparities.
• By signing agreements on cultural exchange and cooperation in science and technology, both the countries are developing understanding and respect.