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What was the ‘Earth Summit’? How far did the summit prove to be useful? Explain.

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The ‘Earth Summit’ was a conference on environment and development held in Rio de Janerio, Brazil in June 1992. The increasing focus of this conference was started on the global environment and the relationship between economics, science and the environment in the political context. 

It proves to be useful through the following steps : 

1. The Rio Summit produced conventions dealing with climate change, biodiversity, forestry and recommended a list of development practices called ‘Agenda 21.’ 

2. The implementation of‘Agenda 21’ was intended to involve action at international, national, regional and local levels. 

3. There was a unanimity on combining economic growth with ecological responsibility. This approach to development is commonly known as ‘sustainable development’. 

4. However, some critics indicated that ‘Agenda 21’ was biased in favour of economic growth rather than ensuring ecological conservation. 

5. Forest Principles is an informal name given to the Non-legally Binding Authoritative Statement of Principles for a Global Consensus on the Management, Conservation and Sustainable Development of all type of forests. It is a non-legally binding document that makes several recommendations for conservation and sustainable development forestry. In 1994, the Montreal Process was began as a result of the Forest Principles.

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