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Read the passage given below carefully and answer the questions that follow: 

Two developments strained this relationship. China annexed Tibet in 1950 and thus, removed a historical buffer between the two countries. Initially, the government of India did not oppose this openly. But as more information came in about the suppression of Tibetan culture, the Indian government grew uneasy. The Tibetan spiritual leader, the Dalai Lama, sought and obtained political asylum in India in 1959. China alleged that the government of India was allowing anti-China activities to take place from within India. 

(i) What is meant by ‘historical buffer’? 

(ii) Why didn’t the government of India oppose the annexation of Tibet by China?

(iii) How far was if”justified on the part of India to grant political asylum to the Dalai Lama and thousands of Tibetan refuges?

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(i). ‘Historical buffer’ means any intermediate or intervening shield lying between the two rival or potentially hostile great powers. It is used to prevent conflict between them. 

(ii). The government of India did not oppose the annexation of Tibet by China because when in 1954 the Panchsheel agreement was signed between India and China, through one of its clauses about respecting each other’s territorial sovereignty. India conceded China’s claim over Tibet. 

(iii). Dalai Lama, the Tibetan spiritual leader, came to India in 1956 and informed Nehru about the worsening situation in Tibet. In 1958 there was armed uprising in Tibet against China’s occupation, which was suppressed by Chinese forces and sensing that situation had become worsen in 1959. On this basis it was justified on the part of India to grant political asylum to the Dalai Lama and thousands of Tibetan refugees.

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