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The pH of milk, black coffee, tomato juice, lemon juice and egg white are 6.8, 5.0, 4.2, 2.2 and 7.8 respectively. Calculate corresponding hydrogen ion concentration in each. 

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The hydrogen ion concentration in the given substances can be calculated by using the given relation: pH = –log [H+] 

(i) pH of milk = 6.8 Since, 

pH = –log [H+] 

6.8 = –log [H+] log 

[H+] = –6.8 

[H+] = anitlog(–6.8) 

= 1.5×19–7 M 

(ii) pH of black coffee = 5.0 Since, 

pH = –log 

[H+] 5.0 = –log 

[H+] log 

[H+] = –5.0 

[H+] = anitlog

(–5.0) = 10–5 M 

(iii) pH of tomato juice = 4.2 Since, 

pH = –log 

[H+] 4.2 = –log 

[H+] log

[H+] = –4.2 

[H+] = anitlog

(–4.2) = 6.31×10–5 M 

(iv) pH of lemon juice = 2.2 Since, 

pH = –log

 [H+] 2.2 = –log 

[H+] log 

[H+] = –2.2

[H+] = anitlog

(–2.2) = 6.31×10–3 M 

(v) pH of egg white = 7.8 Since, 

pH = –log 

[H+] 7.8 = –log 

[H+] log 

[H+] = –7.8 

[H+] = anitlog

(–7.8) =1.58×10–8 M  

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