Sarthaks APP
+1 vote
7.4k views
in Chemistry by (29.7k points)

While sulphur dioxide and hydrogen peroxide can act as oxidising as well as reducing agents in their reactions, ozone and nitric acid act only as oxidants. Why? 

1 Answer

+1 vote
by (128k points)
selected by
 
Best answer

In sulphur dioxide (SO2), the oxidation number (O.N.) of S is +4 and the range of the O.N. that S can have is from +6 to –2. 

Therefore, SO2 can act as an oxidising as well as a reducing agent. 

In hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), the O.N. of O is –1 and the range of the O.N. that O can have is from 0 to –2. O can sometimes also attain the oxidation numbers +1 and +2. 

Hence, H2O2 can act as an oxidising as well as a reducing agent. In ozone (O3), the O.N. of O is zero and the range of the O.N. that O can have is from 0 to –2. Therefore, the O.N. of O can only decrease in this case. Hence, O3 acts only as an oxidant. 

In nitric acid (HNO3), the O.N. of N is +5 and the range of the O.N. that N can have is from +5 to –3. Therefore, the O.N. of N can only decrease in this case. Hence, HNO3 acts only as an oxidant. 

Sarthaks APP

Welcome to Sarthaks eConnect: A unique platform where students can interact with teachers/experts/students to get solutions to their queries. Students (upto class 10+2) preparing for All Government Exams, CBSE Board Exam, ICSE Board Exam, State Board Exam, JEE (Mains+Advance) and NEET can ask questions from any subject and get quick answers by subject teachers/ experts/mentors/students.

Categories

...