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Describe the salient features of Chlorophyceae members.

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The salient features of Chlorophyceae members: 

1. Chlorophyceae commonly called as green algae.

2. Mostly aquatic (fresh water or marine), few terrestrial.

3. Shape of chloroplast differs. It may be cup shaped (Chlamydomonas) or girdle – shaped or reticulate, or stellate etc.

4. Chlorophyll ‘a’ and ‘b’ are photosynthetic pigments.

5. Pyrenoids store starch & also proteins.

6. Outer cell wall is made of pectin and inner is cellulose.

7. Vegetative reproduction is by fragmentation. 

8. Asexual reproduction by zoospores, aplanospores and akinetes. 

9. Sexual reproduction may be isogamous, anisogamous or oogamous. 

E.g. Chlamydomonas, Volvox and Spirogyra

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