Fewpal
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What properties of water make it useful as a solvent? What types of compound can it (i) dissolve, and (ii) hydrolyse? 

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A high value of dielectric constants (78.39 C2 /Nm2) and dipole moment make water a universal solvent. 

Water is able to dissolve most ionic and covalent compounds. Ionic compounds dissolve in water because of the ion-dipole interaction, whereas covalent compounds form hydrogen bonding and dissolve in water. 

Water can hydrolyze metallic and non-metallic oxides, hydrides, carbides, phosphides, nitrides and various other salts. During hydrolysis, H+ and OH ions of water interact with the reacting molecule. 

Some reactions are: 

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