A man went door to door posing to be a goldsmith. He promised to bring back the glitter of old and dull gold ornaments. An unsuspecting lady gave a set of gold bangles to him which he dipped in a particular solution. The bangles sparkled like new but their weight was reduced drastically. The lady was upset but after a futile argument the man beat a hasty retreat.
(i) Can you play the detective to find out the nature of the solution he had used?
(ii) What is 24 carat gold?