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When an alkali metal dissolves in liquid ammonia the solution can acquire different colours. Explain the reasons for this type of colour change. 

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All alkali metal dissolve in liquid ammonia giving deep blue solutions which are conducting in nature. These solutions contain ammoniated cations and ammoniated electrons as shown below:
M + ( x + y ) NH3 → M+(NH3 )x + e-(NH3)y The blue colour of the solution is considered to be due to ammoniated electrons which absorb energy corresponding to red region of the visible light for the their excitation to higher energy levels. The transmitted light is blue which imparts blue colour to the solutions.

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Alkali metals dissolve in liquid ammonia and give deep blue solutions which are conducting in nature because ammoniated electrons absorb energy in the visible region of light and impart blue colour.


NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Chemistry Chapter 10 The s-Block Elements Q10

OR

Different concentrations of alkali metals in liquid ammonia results in different colours. The dilute solutions are blue in colour due to presence of ammoniated electrons.  The concentrated solutions have copper bronze colour as  ammoniated metal ions are bound by free electrons.

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