1. Rajya Sabha is a permanent body and is not subject to dissolution. However, one third of the members retire every second year, and are replaced by newly elected members. Each member is elected for a term of six years. The Vice President of India is the ex-officio Chairman of Rajya Sabha.
2. The Prime Minister is elected by the Members of Parliament. Out of 545 seats in Lok Sabha, any party who wins a majority of seats choose their leader to be the head of the Government. Article 75 of the Constitution provides that the Prime Minister shall be appointed by the President but the President has to appoint the leader of the majority party in Lok Sabha as the Prime Minister. But when no party has a clear majority in the Lok Sabha the President can exercise his personal discretion in the appointment of Prime Minister.
3. In 1852 Dalhousie introduced the Electric Telegraph System in India. The first telegraph line from Calcutta to Agra was opened in 1854, covering a distance of 800 miles.
4. A quorum is a minimum level of interest or attendance required before an official meeting or action can take place. A quorum could be a simple 51% majority or some more specific or complex arrangement.
5. 238 members of Rajya Sabha are elected by the members of State legislatures and 12 members are nominated by the President of India. The nominated members are the persons who have distinguished themselves in the field of Art, Literature, and Science & Social service.
6. Senior ministers, called 'cabinet ministers',
7. The Moderates made the following demands in the administrative sphere: Demand for simultaneous Indian Civil Service examinations in England and India. Complete separation of the executive and the judiciary. They made this demand to protect Indians from arbitrary acts by the police and the bureaucracy.
8. Sir Surendranath Banerjea
9. Rajya Sabha (Council of States) or the upper house is a permanent body not subject to dissolution. One third of the members retire every second year, and are replaced by newly elected members.
10 The Vice President of India is the ex-officio Chairman of Rajya Sabha. The House also elects a Deputy Chairman from among its members.
12. Ram Nath Kovind since 25 July 2017
13. An ordinance will expire after 6 weeks once both houses of the Parliament are in session. It is compulsory for a session of Parliament to be held within six months (as per Article 85). Therefore, the maximum validity of an ordinance is 6 months and 6 weeks.
15. Lord Lytton
16. Poverty and Unbritish Rule in India
17. 30 December 1906, Dhaka, Bangladesh
19. Shri Narendra Modi took oath as the Prime Minister of India, marking the start of his second term as the PM. The Hon'ble President, Shri Ram Nath Kovind administered the oath at the forecourt of the Rashtrapati Bhavan.
20. The Indian Rajya Sabha (upper house of parliament) is indirectly elected, largely by state legislatures; Manmohan Singh was a member of the Rajya Sabha but chosen by the majority party in the Lok Sabha (lower house of parliament)
(21) Lok Sabha
(22) Partition of Bengal(1905), division of Bengal carried out by the British viceroy in India, Lord Curzon, despite strong Indian nationalist opposition. It began a transformation of the Indian National Congress from a middle-class pressure group into a nationwide mass movement.