Fewpal
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Identify the reagents shown in bold in the following equations as nucleophiles or electrophiles: 

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Electrophiles are electron-deficient species and can receive an electron pair. On the other hand, nucleophiles are electron-rich species and can donate their electrons. 

Here, HO acts as a nucleophile as it is an electron-rich species, i.e., it is a nucleusseeking species. 

Here, –CN acts as a nucleophile as it is an electron-rich species, i.e., it is a nucleusseeking species. 

Here, CH3C+O acts as an electrophile as it is an electron-deficient species. 

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