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What are the various routes by which transmission of human immunodeficiency virus takes place?

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AIDS virus is present in urine, tears, saliva, breast milk and vaginal secretions. The virus is transmitted by the infected patient, who comes in contact with the blood of a healthy person. HIV/ AIDS is not transmitted by touch or any physical contact. It spreads through contact with body fluids or blood. HIV is generally transmitted by

  • Sexual contact with an infected person.
  • Use of contaminated needles or syringes.
  • By the transfusion of contaminated or infected blood or blood products.
  • From infected mother to her child through the placenta.

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