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Where do the lipids and proteins constituting the cell membrane get synthesized?

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The lipids and proteins that constitute the cell membrane get synthesized in the Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) of the cell. This ER is divided into two types: i) Rough ER & ii) Smooth ER.

Attached to the surface of the Rough ER are round particles called the ribosomes inside which proteins are synthesized. The lipids are synthesized inside the Smooth ER.

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