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Explain how non-ideal solutions shows positive deviation from Raoult’s law.

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1. Let us consider the positive deviation shown by a solution of ethyl alcohol and water.

2. In this solution, the hydrogen bonding interaction between ethanol and water is weaker than those hydrogen bonding interactions amongst themselves (ethyl alcoholethyl alcohol and water-water interaction). 

3. This results in the increased evaporation of both componeins from the aqueous solution of ethanol. 

4. Consequently, the vapour pressure of the solution is greater than the vapour pressure predicted by Raoult’s law. 

5. Here, the mixing OCCSS is endothermic i.e., (∆Hmixing > O) and there will be a slight increase in volume (∆Vmixing > O)

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