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What are the harmful effects of acid rain?

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Acid rain is caused by two major air pollutants named sulphur dioxide and nitrogen dioxide.

  • Acid rain contaminates water and enters man’s body which may cause potential threat to human health.
  • Many bacteria, aquatic organisms and blue-green algae are killed due to acidification which disturbs the whole ecological balance.
  • Acidification of soil leads to reduced forest productivity.
  • Acid rain causes extensive damage to buildings (e.g. - Taj Mahal) and material of marble, limestone, slate etc.

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