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Write in detail about IUCN.

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International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN), is an international organization working in the field of nature conservation and sustainable use of natural resources. It provides public, private and nongovernmental organizations with the knowledge to enable human progress, economic development and nature conservation to take place together.

1. Vision of IUCN The vision of IUCN is ‘A just world that values and conserves nature’. 

2. Mission of IUCN The mission of IUCN is to influence, encourage and assist societies throughout the world to conserve the integrity and diversity of nature and to ensure that any use of natural resources is equitable and ecologically sustainable. It tries to influence the actions of governments, business and other stakeholders by providing information and advice.The organization is best known to the wider public for compiling and publishing the IUCN red list of threatened species, which assesses the conservation status of species worldwide.

India became state member of IUCN in 1969, through the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate change (MOEFCC). 

Four of 34 globally identified biodiversity hotspots are found in India. They are:

  • The Himalayas 
  • The Western ghats 
  • The North-East 
  • The Nicobar islands

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