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Explain giving four reasons why the industrialist of Europe preferred hand labour over machines during the 19th century.

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Reasons why industrialist preferred hand labour rather than machines and heavy equipment:

  • The labour was available in large quantities thus it was cheap.
  • The labour or the handwork was cheaper than the costly machines.
  • The costly machines had huge investments which were not affordable by the industrialists, and they were more comfortable with hand labour.
  • Machines had huge maintaining costs, and if they ever broke, it was tough or nearly impossible to repair them.
  • Seasonal labour was used at certain times of the year as the machines could not be bought only for a seasonal purpose.

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