The various challenges faced by political parties are-
Lack of internal democracy-
a. Concentration of power in one or few leaders at the top.
b. Parties don’t keep membership registers, don’t hold internal elections regularly.
c. They don’t have the means or the connections needed to influence the decision.
Challenges of Dynastic Succession-
a. The top positions are always controlled by members of one family.
b. This is unfair to other members of respective party.
c. People who don’t have adequate experience or popular support come to or occupy position of power. This is not good for democracy.
Money and Muscle power-
a. They tend to nominate those candidates who have or can raise lots of money.
b. Rich people and companies who give funds to the parties tend to have an influence on the policies and decisions.
c. In some cases, parties support criminals who can win elections.
Absences of meaningful choice-
a. In recent years there has been a decline in the ideological differences almost all parties in the world.
b. In our country also there has been a difference among all the major parties on the economic policies.
c. Sometimes people re-elect the same leader because they keep shifting from one party to another.
No material choice for the workers-
a. The people are left with no choice.
b. Almost all the parties have more or less the same policies and programmes.