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Express the correlation between agricultural productivity and agrarian structure.

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There is a direct correspondence between agricultural productivity and the agrarian structure. 

  • In areas of assured irrigation, those with plentiful rainfall or artificial irrigation works (such as rice-growing regions in river deltas, for instance the Kaveri basin in Tamil Nadu) more labour was needed for intensive cultivation. 
  • Here the most unequal agrarian structures developed. 
  • The agrarian structure of these regions was characterised by a large proportion of landless labourers, who were often ‘bonded’ workers belonging to the lowest castes.

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