Sarthaks Test
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What does the bulge in the above given population pyramid indicate? The bias towards younger age groups in the age structure is believed to be an advantage for India. Explain.

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1 Answer

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  • The bulge in the middle age group indicates that majority of Indians belong to the working population providing the opportunity called demographic dividend. 
  • The average age is also is less than that of most other countries thus the changing age structure could offer a demographic dividend for India. 
  • Thus, the dependency ratio is low and provides the opportunity for economic growth. 
  • This dividend arises from the fact that the current generation of working age people is relatively large and it has only a relatively small preceding generation of old people to support. 
  • This potential can be converted into actual growth with the increased level of education and employment. 
  • Thus, these benefits have to be utilised through planned development. 

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