(i) Italians were scattered over several dynastic states
(ii) Sardinia-Piedmont was ruled by an Italian princely house.
(iii) Italy was unified in 1861 and Victor Emmanuel II was proclaimed King of United Italy.
(iv) Giuseppe Mazzini had sought to put together a programme for a unitary Italian Republic.
(v) The unification of Italy was a result of many wars. Through a tactful diplomatic alliance with France by Chief Minister Cavour.
(vi) Garibaldi joined the fray.