0 votes
in Biology by (51.0k points)
closed by

Make a list of macronutrients and mention their major functions.

1 Answer

+1 vote
by (54.4k points)
selected by
Best answer

Different macronutrients and their functions are : 

(i) Carbon : It is the major component of carbohydrates and other cellular constituents. 

(ii) Oxygen : It is an important component of carbohydrates and other structural constituents of the cells. 

(iii) Magnesium: It is an essential component of chlorophyll and is involved in binding of ribosome components. It acts as enzyme activator in those cases which are concerned with phosphate metabolism. 

(iv) Calcium : 

(a) Synthesizes calcium pectinate, the constituents of middle lamella in the cell wall. 

(b) It helps in translocation of carbohydrates. 

(c) It regulates cell permeability. 

(d) It helps in lipid metabolism. 

(v) Nitrogen: 

(a) It is an important constituent of protoplasm and protein. 

(b) It is found in amino acids, NAD, NADP, purines, pyrimidines, chlorophyll enzyme etc.

(vi) Phosphorus: 

(a) An important constituent of cell membrane, certain proteins, all nucleic acid and nucleotides. 

(b) It is present in AMP, ADP ATP GDP and GTP and plays an important role in the energy transfer of photosynthesis and respiration. 

(c) Essential for all phosphorylation reactions.

Related questions

Welcome to Sarthaks eConnect: A unique platform where students can interact with teachers/experts/students to get solutions to their queries. Students (upto class 10+2) preparing for All Government Exams, CBSE Board Exam, ICSE Board Exam, State Board Exam, JEE (Mains+Advance) and NEET can ask questions from any subject and get quick answers by subject teachers/ experts/mentors/students.