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List and explain various incentives and schemes that the government has evolved for promoting the country’s foreign trade.

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  • Duty Drawback Scheme: Under the duty drawback scheme, exporters are either exempted from payment of excise duties or are refunded a certain percentage of the excise duty paid earlier. In case where inputs are used for export production, the custom duties paid on import of raw material and machines are refunded. 
  • Export Manufacturing under the Bond Scheme: This bond scheme enables exporters to undertake production of goods meant for exports without paying excise or other duties. In order to avail themselves of this scheme, exporters must sign an undertaking that the goods produced are meant only for exports and not for domestic consumption. 
  • Exemptions from Payment of Sales Tax: The goods that are meant for imports are not subjected to sales tax. The income earned by exporters (only those who run 100 per cent export-oriented units or units in export processing zones and special economic zones) from the export of goods is exempted from payment of income tax. 
  • Advance License Scheme: Advance License Scheme allows exporters to use inputs (those that are domestically produced or imported) without the payment of any duties. In addition, the scheme exempts exporters from paying custom duties in cases where the imported inputs are used for manufacturing goods meant for exports. 
  • Export Promotion Capital Goods (EPCG) Scheme: The EPCG Scheme promotes the import of goods for the production of export goods. Under the scheme, exporters are allowed to import goods at concessional rates of custom duties. However, to avail themselves of this scheme, exporters must fulfill certain export obligations stated under the scheme. ‘ Scheme of Recognizing Export House, 
  • Trading House and Superstar Trading House: This scheme aims at facilitating well-established trading houses to market their products globally. Under the scheme, selected exporting firms are given the status of export house, trading house and star trading house by the government. This status is given on the basis of the past export performances of export firms.

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