(i) A = {a, b, c, d}; B = {d, c, b, a}

The order in which the elements of a set are listed is not significant.

∴ A = B

(ii) A = {4, 8, 12, 16}; B = {8, 4, 16, 18}

It can be seen that 12 ∈ A but 12 ∉ B.

∴ A ≠ B

(iii) A = {2, 4, 6, 8, 10}

B = {x: x is a positive even integer and x ≤ 10}

= {2, 4, 6, 8, 10}

∴ A = B

(iv) A = {x: x is a multiple of 10}

B = {10, 15, 20, 25, 30 …}

It can be seen that 15 ∈ B but 15 ∉ A.

∴ A ≠ B