(a) We take a piece of paper and a plastic bag (Polythene Bag). Now dig the ground to about 15 centimeters depth and place the piece of paper and plastic bag in the dug up ground separately. After a month, we dig up the buried material and observe them. We will find that the piece of paper has been partially eaten up but the plastic bag has been remained unaffected. This means that the paper have been decomposed by the micro-organisms present in the soil. So paper is biodegradable. On the other hand, the plastic bag has not been decomposed by the micro ?organisms present in the soil, therefore It is non-biodegradable.
(b) It is due to the property of decomposer organisms of being specific in their action that some waste materials are biodegradable and other are non- biodegradable.