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Sunderban Delta is formed by the rivers
1. ganga & brahmputra
2. ganga & jhelum
3. sindhu & jhelum
4. ganga & singhu

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Correct Answer - Option 1 : ganga & brahmputra

The correct answer is Ganga & Brahmputra.

  • Sunderban Delta:
    • It is a vast contiguous mangrove forest ecosystem in the coastal region of the Bay of Bengal spread over India and Bangladesh on the delta (world’s largest) of the Ganges, Brahmaputra, and Meghna rivers.
    • It contains the world’s largest mangrove forests.
    • Much of the area has long had the status of a forest reserve, but conservation efforts in India were stepped up with the creation of the Sundarbans Tiger Reserve in 1973.
    • Sundarbans National Park, established in 1984, constitutes a core region within the tiger reserve.
    • It was designated a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1987.

  • Sunderbans was designated as a Biosphere Reserve by UNESCO in 2001.
  • Sundarban Wetland, India was recognized as the ‘Wetland of International Importance under the Ramsar Convention in January 2019.
  • Sunderban National Park is known for its wide range of fauna, including 260 bird species and is home to many rare and globally threatened wildlife species such as the Estuarine Crocodile, Royal Bengal Tiger, Water Monitor Lizard, Gangetic Dolphin, and Olive Ridley Turtles.
  • The Sunderbans Delta is the only mangrove forest in the world inhabited by tigers.
  • For its preservation, Discovery India and World Wide Fund (WWF) India partnered with the Government of West Bengal and local communities in the Sundarbans in 2019.

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