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Consider the following schemes:

I. EAS

II. TRYSEM

III. JRY

IV. RLEGP

The correct chronological sequence of the launching of these schemes is


1. II-IV-I-III
2. IV-II-III-I
3. IV-III-I-II
4. II-IV-III-I

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Correct Answer - Option 4 : II-IV-III-I

The correct answer is II-IV-III-I.

  • Correct Chronological Order:
    • TRYSEM - 15 August 1979
    • RLEGP - 15 August 1983
    • JRY - 1 April 1989
    • EAS - 20 October 1993

  • TRYSEM:
    • It stands for Training of Rural Youth for Self-Employment (TRYSEM).
    • This scheme was started in 1979 with the objective to help unemployed rural youth between the age of 18 and 35 years to acquire skills for self-employment.
    • Priority was given to SC/ST Youth and Women.
  • RLEGP: Rural Landless Employment Guarantee Programme
    • RLEGP was introduced on August 15, 1983, with the objective of:
    • (a) improving and expanding employment opportunities for the rural landless with a view to providing a guarantee of employment to at least one member of every landless household up to 100 days in a year and,
    • (b) creating durable assets for strengthening the infrastructure so as to meet the growing requirements of the rural economy.
  • JRY:
    • Jawahar Rozgar Yojna was launched on April 1, 1989, by merging National Rural Employment Program (NREP) and Rural Landless Employment Guarantee Programme (RLEGP). 
    • So this was a consolidation of the previous employment programs and it was the largest National Employment Program of India at that time with a general objective of providing 90-100 Days Employment per person particularly in backward districts.
    • People below Poverty Line were the main targets.
  • EAS:
    • Employment Assurance Scheme was launched on 2nd October 1993 for implementation in 1778 identified backward blocks of different States.
    • The block selected were in the drought-prone areas, desert areas, tribal areas and hilly areas.
    • Later, the scheme was extended to the remaining blocks of the country in a phased manner.
    • At present, the scheme is being implemented in all the rural blocks of the country.
    • The programme has been restructured from 1.4.99.

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