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When was the first Indian satellite Aryabhata launched?

A. 1970

B. 1973

C. 1975

D. 1976


1. D
2. A
3. C
4. B

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Correct Answer - Option 3 : C

The Correct Answer is "C".

Explanation :

  • Aryabhata was India's first satellite, named after the famous Indian astronomer.
  • It was launched on 19 April 1975 from Kapustin Yar, a Russian rocket launch and development site in Astrakhan Oblast using a Kosmos-3M launch vehicle.
  • It was built by the Indian Space Research Organisation.
  • The launch came from an agreement between India and the Soviet Union directed by UR Rao and signed in 1972.
  • It allowed the USSR to use Indian ports for tracking ships and launching vessels in return for launching various different Indian satellites.
  • It was named after the 5th-century astronomer and mathematician from India by the same name.
  • The satellite's image appeared on the reverse of Indian two rupee banknotes between 1976 and 1997.

 

  • The Indian satellite program began to take shape in the early 1970s, although local scientists had long dreamed of an indigenous Indian program since the time of Sputnik.
  • The Indian Space Research Organisation focuses on building indigenous satellites.
  • Vikram Sarabhai, the ISRO founder and a renowned physicist who also had a role in the development of India’s nuclear industry, appointed a team of 25 engineers and researchers at the Physical Research Laboratory in Ahmedabad.

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