Correct Answer - Option 3 : India
The correct answer is India.
India is a current non-permanent member of the UN Security Council.
United Nations Security Council:
- The United Nations Security Council is one of the six main organs of the UN, and it is primarily responsible for maintaining international peace and security.
It consists of 15 members -five permanent members and 10 non-permanent members.
- The five permanent members are the US, UK, Russia, China, and France.
- Every year, five non-permanent members are elected for a tenure of two years.
- To be elected as a non-permanent member of the council, each member-country requires a two-thirds majority of the entire assembly.
Five permanent members: China, France, Russian Federation, the United Kingdom, and the United States.
Ten non-permanent members elected for two-year terms by the General Assembly (with the end of term year):
- Estonia (2021)
- India (2022)
- Ireland (2022)
- Kenya (2022)
- Mexico (2022)
- Niger (2021)
- Norway (2022)
- Saint Vincent and the Grenadines (2021)
- Tunisia (2021)
- Viet Nam (2021)
- India was the sole candidate for a non-permanent seat from the Asia-Pacific category for the 2021-22 term.
India got 184 out of the 192 valid votes polled and got a seat of non-permanent member of UN Security Council.
- Previously, India had been elected as a non-permanent member of the Council for the years 1950-1951, 1967-1968, 1972-1973, 1977-1978, 1984-1985, 1991-1992, and 2011-2012.
- The subsidiary bodies of the council are known as committees: Counter-Terrorism Committee, Non-Proliferation Committee, United Nations Military Staff Committee, and Sanctions Committee.
- The council uses sanctions to put pressure on a country to comply with its objectives, without using force.