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Unless oxygen is combined with fluorine or isolated from other atoms, the oxidation number of oxygen atoms is always taken as -2. This gives a total oxidation number charge of -10 for the five oxygen atoms in N2O5. To maintain electrical neutrality as required for all compounds, the two nitrogen atoms must have a total oxidation charge of +10, so that each of the two nitrogen atoms has an oxidation number of +5.

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The oxidation number of N in N2O5 is +5

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