|The breakdown of glucose in the presence of oxygen to produce more amount of energy is called as aerobic respiration.||The breakdown of glucose in the absence of oxygen to produce energy is called as anaerobic respiration.|
| Chemical Equatio- nGlucose + Oxygen gives Carbon dioxide +water + energy||Chemical Equation- Glucose gives Lactic acid + energy|
|It occurs in The cytoplasm to mitochondria.||Takes place in cytoplasm only.|
|The high amount of energy is produced.||Less amount of energy produced.|
|38 ATP released.||2 ATP released.|
|Carbon dioxide and water.||Lactic acid (animal cells), carbon dioxide and ethanol (plant cell).|
|Oxygen and glucose to produce energy.||It does not require oxygen but uses glucose to produce energy.|
|1. Glycolysis - also called Embden-Meyerhof-Parnas(EMP) pathway.|
2. The respiratory chain (electron transport and oxidative phosphorylation).
3. The tricarboxylic acid cycle (TCA), also known as the citric acid cycle or Krebs cycle.
|It is a long process for the production of energy.||It is a fast process in comparison to aerobic respiration.|
|Aerobic respiration occurs in many plants and animals (eukaryotes).||Anaerobic respiration occurs in human muscle cells (eukaryotes), bacteria, yeast (prokaryotes), etc. |