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What are the special powers of both the Houses of the Parliament?

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The Rajyasabha performs other functions as well as 

1. By a resolution, Rajyasabha can create one or more All India Services. 

2. Continuation of emergency beyond the specified time must come before the Rajyasabha and Loksabha. 

3. Orders made by the President suspending enforcement of fundamental rights is required to be laid before the Rajyasabha and Loksabha. 

4. According to Article 249, the Rajyasabha by a resolution can ask the parliament to legislate on certain subjects in State list. The Loksabha enjoys direct control over the executive because; executive is directly responsible to the lower house and stays in office as long as it enjoys the confidence of the house. The Loksabha not only makes laws but also supervises the implementation. The lower house being a debating house, the members are free to seek information from the executive and raise questions and seek clarifications.

The members can effectively seek information from the government by way of discussions and debates during the Question Hour (seek clarification), the Adjournment Motion(raises issues of national importance), the Zero Hour, the Cu motion, the Call-attention motion, etc. The – soundest way of controlling the executive is by way of moving the No-confidence motion, if the executive fails to win the support of Lok sabha, they must step down.

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