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How is a federal government different from the unitary form of government? Why are federations preferred these days?

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(i) Unitary government has only one level of government whereas a federal government has two or more levels of government.

(ii) In unitary government, the sub-units are subordinate to the centre, whereas in a federation, central government cannot encroach on the rights of state governments.

(iii) In unitary system, centre can order the sub-units which cannot happen in federation.

A federation is preferred because:

(i) It helps in making administration effective and efficient.

(ii) It helps to accommodate all diverse groups.

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