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Explain any five socio-economic changes responsible for breaking down the old notion of caste hierarchy in India.

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Decline of the caste system in India:

(i) Efforts of social reformers like Phule, Gandhiji, Ambedkar against caste system have helped to promote a casteless society.

(ii) Economic development has reduced the emphasis on caste.

(iii) Large sacle urbanisation has disminished the awareness of caste, as people rub shoulders in buses, trains and offices.

(iv) Growth of literacy and education has helped to decrease the belief in caste.

(v) Occupational mobility is possible now and children are not compelled to continue the profession of the family or father.

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