Aquired immunodeficiency syndrome or AIDS is a viral disease caused by Human Immunodeficiency Virus or HIV.
MODE OF TRANSMISSION:
It is a sexually transmitted disease which means it can be transmitted through exchange of body fluids like saliva, semen or even blood of HIV infected person.
In the initial stages of the infection of HIV, only flu like symptoms occur like cold, fever, nausea, sore throat and fatigue. After these symptoms the disease remains asymptomatic for a longer period till it turns acute. The later symptoms may include pain in the abdomen along with swelling, coughing, fatigue, fever, loss of appetite, night sweats, nausea, vomiting and difficulty in swallowing.
As said prevention is better than cure, one must always be cautious of their doings. HIV spread through exchange of body fluids like blood, semen, vaginal fluids or by mother to child by breast milk.
Some of the preventive measures for AIDS are as follows:
- always using sterilised needle
- getting clinically tested atleast once or twice a year
- using condom while intercourse
- limiting the number of sexual partners and knowing if they have any sort of history of disease
As AIDS is a viral disease and no permanent cure for viral diseases have been discovered yet so there is no treatment for AIDS as well. We must take proper precautions before getting infected.