1. The major causes of biodiversity decline are land use changes, pollution, changes in atmosphere, CO2 concentration, changes in the nitrogen cycle, acid rain, climate alteration and introduction of exotic species.
2. All this is due to population growth.
3. This is the main cause of the loss of biodiversity. More of wood for fuel is been used, more land is required for food production, livestock grazing etc.
4. Rainforest land is converted to industrial and residential usage, so natural habitat of birds, animals is destroyed.
5. Due to population growth most of wild land is converted to crop land. So no space for animals to live, their natural habitat is destroyed.