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An antifreeze solution is prepared from `222.6 g` of ethylene glycol `[C_(2)H_(4)(OH)_(2)]` and `200 g` of water. Calculate the molality of the solution. If the density of the solution is `1.072g mL^(-1)` then what shall be the molarity of the solution?

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Calculation of molality of the solution.
Mass of ethylene glycol = 222.6 g
Molar mass of ethylene glycol = `2xx12+6xx1+2xx16=62h mol^(-1)`
`"Mass of solution (m)" = (" Mass of ethylene glycol / Molar mass")/(" Mass of solvent in kg")`
= `=((222.6g)//(62 g mol^(-1)))/(0.2 kg)=17.95 mol kg^(-1)=17.95 m`
Calculatrion of molarity of the solution.
Total mass of solution = Mass of solute + Mass of solvent
=222.6 + 200 422.6 g
Density of solution= 1.072 g `mol^(-1)`
`"Volume of solutin" = (" Mass of solution")/("Density of solution")=((422.6 g))/((1.072 g mol^(-1)))=394.2 mL`
=0.3942 L.
`"Molarity of solution (M)"=("Mass of ethylene glycon/Molar mass")/("Volume of solution in litres")`
`=((22.6g)//(62 g mol^(-1)))/((0.3942 L))=9.10 mol L^(-1)=9.10 M`

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