# Statement (I): In open channel flow, the maximum velocity does not occur on the free surface. Statement (II): There is wind drag on the free surface o

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Statement (I): In open channel flow, the maximum velocity does not occur on the free surface.

Statement (II): There is wind drag on the free surface of an open channel.
1. Both Statement (I) and Statement (II) are individually true and Statement (II) is the correct explanation of Statement (I)
2. Both Statement (I) and Statement (II) are individually true but Statement (II) is not the correct explanation of Statement (I)
3. Statement (I) is true but Statement (II) is false.
4. Statement (I) is false but Statement (II) is true (II) is true.

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Correct Answer - Option 2 : Both Statement (I) and Statement (II) are individually true but Statement (II) is not the correct explanation of Statement (I)

Explanation:

The influence of the channel geometry is apparent. The velocity v is zero at the solid boundaries and gradually increases with distance from the boundary.

The maximum velocity of the cross-section occurs at a certain distance below the free surface. This dip of the maximum velocity point, giving surface velocities which are less than the maximum velocity, is due to secondary currents and is a function of the aspect ratio (ratio of depth to width) of the channel.

Thus for a deep narrow channel, the location of the maximum velocity point will be much lower from the water surface than for a wider channel of the same depth. This characteristic location of the maximum velocity point below the surface has nothing to do with the wind shear on the free surface.

The surface of the flow thus formed is called a free surface, because that flow boundary is freely deformable, in contrast to the solid boundaries. The boundary conditions at the free surface of an open-channel flow are always that both the pressure and the shear stress are zero everywhere.

Wind drag is present on the free surface of an open channel.