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Arrange the following cities in Bihar in the descending order from north to south.

i)Vaishali ii)Gaya  iii)Sitamarhi  iv)Nalanda


1. i>ii>iii>iv
2. iii>iv>i>ii
3. iv>iii>i>ii
4. iii>i>iv>ii

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Correct Answer - Option 4 : iii>i>iv>ii

Sitamarhi-:

  • It is situated in the northern part of Bihar.
  • Its headquarter is located at Dumra.
  • Sitamarhi was carved out of Muzaffarpur in 1972.
  • Sitamarhi is considered as a sacred place in Hindu Mythology as it is said that Raja Janak excavated a tank at this place from where Sitaji(wife of Lord Rama) emerged.

Vaishali-:

  • Vaishali district is surrounded by Muzaffarpur (North), Patna (South), Samastipur (East) and Saran (West).
  • Its headquarter is located at Hajipur.
  • It is a very famous place for Buddhism and Jainism.
  • It is the birthplace of the last Jain “Thirthankara Lord Mahavir.
  • The second Buddhist Council was held at this place.
  • It is the place where democracy found its origin around 600BC.

Nalanda-:

  • It is located in the southeast of Patna.
  • Its headquarter is located at Bihar Sharif.
  • It was a large Buddhist monastery in the ancient kingdom of Magadha.
  • Nalanda flourished under the patronage of the Gupta Empire.
  • The famous Nalanda University is located here.

Gaya-:

  • ​It is located in the southern part of Bihar.
  • Gaya is one of the most visited tourist destinations in Bihar famous for Bodhgaya and Pind Daan(funeral offerings).
  • The famous Vishnupad Temple is also located here.

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