# A 3-phase star-connected 1000-volt alternator supplies power to a 500 kW delta-connected induction motor. If the motor power factor is 0.8 lagging and

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A 3-phase star-connected 1000-volt alternator supplies power to a 500 kW delta-connected induction motor. If the motor power factor is 0.8 lagging and its efficiency 0.9, then the current in each alternator and motor phase respectively are nearly
1. 321 A and 231.5 A
2. 401 A and 231.5 A
3. 321 A and 185.4 A
4. 401 A and 185.4 A

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Correct Answer - Option 2 : 401 A and 231.5 A

Given:

VL = 1000 V (Line Voltage)

Motor output power = 500 kW

Power factor, cos ɸ = 0.8 (Lagging)

Efficiency, η = 0.9

Motor input power, ${P_{in}} = \frac{{500}}{{0.9}} = 555.55\;kW$

Line current, ${I_L} = \frac{{{P_{in}}}}{{\sqrt 3 {V_L}\cos \phi }} = \frac{{555.55 \times {{10}^3}}}{{\sqrt 3 \times 1000 \times 0 \cdot 8}} = 401\;A$

As the motor is delta connected, current in each phase of the motor is

${I_P} = \frac{{{I_L}}}{{\sqrt 3 }} = \frac{{401}}{{\sqrt 3 }} = 231.5\;A$