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Who plundered the peacock throne of Shah Jahan?
1. Nadir Shah
2. Timur
3. Ahmad Shah
4. Abu Ali

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Correct Answer - Option 1 : Nadir Shah

The Correct Answer is Nadir Shah.

  • Nadir Shah took away the famous Koh-i-Noor diamond and the jewel-studded Peacock Throne of Shahjahan from India.
  • In 1739, The Kohinoor, mounted at the head of one of the peacocks on Shah Jahan's Peacock Throne, left India and the Mughal treasury when Nader Shah carved the Peacock Throne out of the Delhi Cloth.
  • He carried the Kohinoor to his native Iran, along with the treasury of eight generations of Mughals.
  • The Peacock Throne, along with other Mughal jewels, is then on display at Herat.
  • Ahmad Khan Abdali, Nader Shah's most loyal and senior Afghan general, is gifted with the Kohinoor diamond and the Timur Ruby, both of which Nader Shah stripped from the Peacock Throne, the first lady of Nader Shah's harem as a reward for protecting the harem and overpowering the renegade looters in the aftermath of the assassination.
  • Ahmad Khan Abdali, who then continues to wear the Kohinoor in a bracelet, leaves for Kandahar, taking the Kohinoor with him.

  • Nadir Shah was one of Iran's most powerful rulers in Iranian history, reigning as Shah of Iran (Persia) from 1736 to 1747 when he was assassinated during an uprising. 
  • The Peacock Throne was a famous jewelled throne that was the seat of the emperors of the Mughal Empire in India.
    • It was commissioned in the early 17th century by emperor Shah Jahan and was located in the Diwan-i-Khas (Hall of Private Audiences, or Ministers' Room) in the Red Fort of Delhi. 
    • It was named after a peacock as two peacocks are shown dancing at its rear.

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