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Who is called the Father of White Revolution in India ?
1. Dr. Norman Borlaug
2. Dr. M.S. Swaminathan
3. Dr. Verghese Kurien
4. Dr. William Gande

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Correct Answer - Option 3 : Dr. Verghese Kurien

The correct answer is Dr. Verghese Kurien.

  • Dr. Verghese Kurien is called the Father of White Revolution in India.
  • White Revolution was one of the biggest dairy development movements in India in 1970.
  • This program created a national milk grid, linking producers throughout India, reducing seasonal price fluctuations, and ensuring milk producers get a major share of the income generated from end consumers.
  • This program also made sure farmers get fair market prices on a regular basis. All this was achieved by the cooperative structure.

  • The White Revolution took several phases are:
    • Phase 1: Started in 1970 with the objective of setting up dairy cooperatives in 18 milk sheds in India’s four major metropolitan cities.
    • Phase 2: From 1981 to 1985, there was an increase in the number of milk sheds from 18 to 136; with 290 urban markets opening up and increasing the number of milk outlets.
    • Phase 3: From 1985 to 1996, cooperatives further expanded and the infrastructure was further strengthened to increase production.

Person Details
Dr. Verghese Kurien

Dr. Verghese Kurien was born on November 26, 1921, in Calicut (now Kozhikode), Kerala.

Dr. Kurien’s billion-liter idea gave birth to the world’s largest agricultural dairy development program, which made dairy farming India's largest self-sustaining industry.

Fondly known as the Milkman of India, Dr. Kurien is the man behind the flourishing state of Indian milk and the dairy industry.

Dr. Norman Borlaug

Norman Ernest Borlaug was an American agronomist who led initiatives worldwide that contributed to the extensive increases in agricultural production termed the Green Revolution.

In 1970 Norman E. Borlaug was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for a lifetime of work to feed a hungry world.

Dr. M.S. Swaminathan

Swaminathan Indian geneticist and international administrator, renowned for his leading role in India’s Green Revolution.

Program under which high-yield varieties of wheat and rice seedlings were planted in the fields of poor farmers.


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