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Who was appointed as first Governor in India by King of Portugal?
1. Vasco da Gama
2. Alfonso de Albuquerque
3. Nino da Cunha
4. Francisco De Almeida

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Correct Answer - Option 4 : Francisco De Almeida

The correct answer is Francisco De Almeida.

Francisco De Almeida

  • In 1505 AD, Francisco de Almeida was appointed as the first Portuguese governor in India.
  • His policy being centric on controlling the Indian Ocean was known as the Blue Water Policy.
  • He commenced the construction of ‘St. Angelo Fort’ on October 23, 1505.

Vasco da Gama

  • On 20th May 1498, Vasco da Gama arrived in India and became the first European sailor to reach India by sea.
  • The Cape route from Europe to India was discovered by Vasco da Gama.
  • He reached the port of Calicut via Cape of Good Hope (Africa) and was received by the Hindu ruler of Calicut, Zamorin.
  • This led to the establishment of trading stations at Calicut, Cochin, and Cannanore.
  • Vasco da Gama’s discovery is considered extremely important as it unlocked new trading options for not only the Portuguese but for other Europeans as well.
  • Cochin was the initial capital of the Portuguese in India in 1502 AD.

Alfonso de Albuquerque

  • Alfonso de Albuquerque arrived in India in 1503 AD and became the governor of the Portuguese in India in 1509 AD.
  • He captured Goa from the Sultan of Bijapur in 1510 AD is considered the real founder of the Portuguese power in India.
  • He introduced the policy of Imperialism.

Nino da Cunha

  • Nino da Cunha was the Portuguese governor in India from 1529-1538.
  • He transferred the capital from Cochin to Goa in 1530 AD.
  • He acquired Diu and Bassein from Bahadur Shah of Gujarat in 1534 AD.

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