Correct Answer - Option 3 : Public Interest Litigation
The correct answer is Public Interest Litigation.
PIL stands for Public Interest Litigation.
Public interest Litigation (PIL) means litigation filed in a court of law, for the protection of “Public Interest”, such as Pollution, Terrorism, Road safety, Constructional hazards etc. Any matter where the interest of the public at large is affected can be redressed by filing a Public Interest Litigation in a court of law.
- It is the power given to the public by courts through judicial activism.
- The aim of PIL is to give the common people access to the courts to obtain legal redress.
- PIL is an important instrument of social change and for maintaining the Rule of law and accelerating the balance between law and justice.
- It is an important tool to make human rights reach those who have been denied rights.