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Which period is the longest in the human history?
1. Palaeolithic age
2. Magalithic age
3. Mesolithic age
4. Neolithic age

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Correct Answer - Option 1 : Palaeolithic age

The earliest and longest period of the Stone Age is called the Paleolithic Age. This comes from the Greek word Palaios, meaning "long ago" or "old," and lithos, meaning "stone" — put together, Paleolithic Age means Old Stone Age.

The Old Stone Age began approximately 4.5 million years ago. It lasted until about 25 thousand years ago — relatively recently in terms of the overall age of the earth. It was at the beginning of the Old Stone Age, approximately 4.4 million years ago, that the first human ancestors made their appearance on earth.

The earliest age in history is called Old Stone Age or Palaeolithic.

This period is divided into-

  1. Lower Palaeolithic culture
  2. Middle Palaeolithic culture
  3. Upper Palaeolithic culture 

The period after the Old Stone Age (Palaeolithic) is called the Mesolithic Age

  • The period that followed the Mesolithic is called the Neolithic Age.
  • This is the age in which animal and plant domestication developed, leading to food production.
  • The classification of these cultures is done on the basis of stratigraphic, chronological and lithic (stone tool) evidence.

Lower Palaeolithic Culture

  • The first Palaeolithic tools were identified at the site of Pallavaram near Chennai by Robert Bruce Foote in 1863.
  • Robert found many prehistoric sites when he extensively surveyed different parts of South India.

Middle Palaeolithic culture

  • In India, the Middle Palaeolithic phase was first identified by H.D. Sankalia on the Pravara River at Nevasa.
  • Indian Middle Palaeolithic probably maybe as old as the African Middle Palaeolithic culture.

Upper Palaeolithic culture 

This period is marked by innovation in tool technology and increased cognitive capability of humans.

 

Years ago

Epoch (Geological)

Homind Species

Famous Finds

Cultural stage

Cultural flashpoints

4.4 million

End of pilocene

Ardipithecus

Remains found by Tim White, etc.

Paleolithic (Old Stone Age)

Pebble tools, hand axes, choppers

3.2 million

Australopithecus

Lucy

1.8 million

Australopithecus

Zinjanthropus Man

1.6 million

Homo Habilis

Cindy

1 million

Pleistocene (Ice Age Glacial Epoch)

 

 

700,000

Homo Erectus

Pithecanthropus(Java Man)

500,000

Homo Erectus

Homo Erectus

Heidelberg Beijing Man

Fire

200,000

Homo Sapiens

Rhodesian Man

Flake tools

60,000

Homo Sapiens

Neanderthal Man

Buried their dead

50,000

Homo Sapiens

Old Man

Cave painting, sewing, spears

25,000

Homo Sapiens

Cro-Magnon

10,000

Holocene

all modern people

Mesolithic (Middle Stone Age)

Use of animals, farming bows and arrows, harpoons, canoes

8,000

Neolitihic (New Stone Age)

Villages, saws, drills, pottery, weaving, plow

5,000

Bronze Age

Wheels, cities, writing

3,000

Iron Age

Use of iron, alphabets, empires

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